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The History of the Middle East Essay

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Topic Write an essay (1,250 to 1,500 words) in response to ONE of the following questions. Your essay should draw on evidence from the textbook and lectures. Give proper citations for any quotations or direct information taken from the textbook or the readings. Avoid long quotations! Do not use outside research or the Internet for this paper! 1. Should a survey of the history of the Middle East begin with the birth of Muhammad, or with the Byzantines and Sasanians? Why? 2. What role did Islam play in the origins, maintenance and expansion of the Arab Empire from the hijrah to the fall of the Umayyads? 3. What was the significance of the two fitnas? Was one more significant than the other, either in the short-­%u2010or long-­%u2010term? Is it advantageous to separate them, or was the second simply a continuation of the first? 4. Do you agree that of the invasions that took place in the Middle East between the 11th and 15th centuries, the Crusades were a relatively insignificant event? Why or why not? How about with respect to contemporary perceptions of the West and the Middle East? 5. Until a few years ago, historians wrote about the “decline” of the Ottoman Empire. It started at the end of the 17th century and ended with its inevitable collapse after World WarI. Now, they write about the “transformation” and “retreat” of the Ottoman Empire during this time period. Are these concepts different? Were previous historians unfair or prejudiced? Or, is “retreat” and “transformation” just a more polite way to say decline? use only the resources provided not outside resources!
Type Research paper
Level University
Style MLA
Sources
Language English(U.S.)
Description Here are some guidelines for writing a formal paper in college. For your second paper in this class, you will be penalized if you fail to follow these basic parameters.

Formatting:
• 1” margins
• 12-point Arial or Times New Roman font
• Page numbers, with your last name (e.g. Last Name 3)
• Do not use a title page unless requested by the instructor
• Word count listed for papers in Gordon Rule classes; word count is done by highlighting your intro, body paragraphs, and conclusion and then doing a count (word count does not include your name, date, footnotes, or bibliography).
• When sending electronic copies of your paper, put your last name in the file heading for easy identification without having to open the file. (LastName.Paper2.doc)
• Electronic copies should be saved in .doc or .rtf format, as these are the most universal.

Basic Structure:
• Give your paper a title that conveys your main point
• Thesis statement that gives your stance, and the reasons you will use to support your argument
• Intro and conclusion will contain your thesis statement, and generally be shorter than your supporting paragraphs
• Paragraphs should be balanced in length and content.
• Paragraphs should contain one idea each; if they are nearing one page in length, you should probably break it up
• Indent paragraphs
• Each paragraph should correspond to a prong in your thesis.

Grammar:
• Use spell check
• Have a friend read through your draft to work out awkward phrasing
• Reading your draft aloud can also highlight areas with awkward phrasing
• NO contractions in formal papers
• NO first person in formal papers; assert your conclusions without putting yourself in the paper (I, me, our, us, etc.)
• Capitalize religions, countries, and the word god for monotheistic religions
• Spell numbers under 100
• Time periods end in a plural “s,” not a possessive one (1800s, not 1800’s)
• Check usage of who/that, then/than, it’s/its, and other common misuses

Citation:
• EVERYTHING you take from a book or lecture has to be cited
• Both direct quotations, and anything paraphrased requires citation
• Cite all facts (names, dates, statistics, etc.) that are not common knowledge
• Historians use footnotes according to the Chicago Manual of Style for humanities

Write an essay (1,250 to 1,500 words) in response to ONE of the
following questions. Your essay
should draw on evidence from the
textbook and lectures. Give proper citations for any quotations or direct information
taken from the textbook or the
readings. Avoid long quotations!
Do not use outside research or the Internet for this
paper!
1. Should a survey of the history of the Middle East
begin with the birth of Muhammad, or with the Byzantines
and Sasanians? Why?
2. What role did Islam play in
the origins, maintenance and
expansion of the Arab Empire
from the hijrah to the fall
of the Umayyads?
3. What was the significance of
the two fitnas? Was one more
significant than the other, either in the short-­%u2010or
long-­%u2010term? Is it advantageous
to separate them, or was the
second simply a continuation
of the first?
4. Do you agree that of the invasions that took place in the
Middle East between the 11th
and 15th centuries, the Crusades
were a relatively insignificant
event? Why or why not? How about
with respect to contemporary
perceptions of the West and
the Middle East?
5. Until a few years ago,
historians wrote about the
“decline” of the Ottoman
Empire. It started at the end
of the 17th century and ended
with its inevitable collapse
after World WarI. Now, they
write about the “transformation”
and “retreat” of the Ottoman
Empire during this time period.
Are these concepts different?
Were previous historians unfair
or prejudiced? Or, is “retreat”
and “transformation” just a
more polite way to say decline?

Spacing Double
Pages 3
Category:

Description

The History of the Middle East

Write an essay (1,250 to 1,500 words) in response to ONE of the following questions. Your essay should draw on evidence from the textbook and lectures. Give proper citations for any quotations or direct information taken from the textbook or the readings. Avoid long quotations! Do not use outside research or the Internet for this paper! 1. Should a survey of the history of the Middle East begin with the birth of Muhammad, or with the Byzantines and Sasanians? Why? 2. What role did Islam play in the origins, maintenance and expansion of the Arab Empire from the hijrah to the fall of the Umayyads? 3. What was the significance of the two fitnas? Was one more significant than the other, either in the short-­%u2010or long-­%u2010term? Is it advantageous to separate them, or was the second simply a continuation of the first? 4. Do you agree that of the invasions that took place in the Middle East between the 11th and 15th centuries, the Crusades were a relatively insignificant event? Why or why not? How about with respect to contemporary perceptions of the West and the Middle East? 5. Until a few years ago, historians wrote about the “decline” of the Ottoman Empire. It started at the end of the 17th century and ended with its inevitable collapse after World WarI. Now, they write about the “transformation” and “retreat” of the Ottoman Empire during this time period. Are these concepts different? Were previous historians unfair or prejudiced? Or, is “retreat” and “transformation” just a more polite way to say decline? use only the resources provided not outside resources!